Cedarhurst

It looks as if Cedarhurst, Park Road, Solihull was built in the mid-1890s and was demolished around 1973. A building control plan at the Core Library Solihull (ref.: SOL/PS/1/1/647), dated March 1894, depicts one detached villa in Park Road, opposite Malvern House, which appears to be Cedarhurst, although not named as such.

The plan shows that the property was designed by architect John Henry Hawkes and built by Charles Bragg. The owner was Edward Bottomley, a grocer from Deritend, Birmingham.

Block plan showing location of Cedarhurst
Block plan showing the location of the detached villa [Cedarhurst] built for Edward Bottomley (SOL/PS/1/1/647)

Cedarhurst is known to have been home to Benjamin Horton Eberhard (1839-1916), retired ironmaster, from at least 1897 (when he added stabling to the house) until his death in 1916.

From at least 1935 until at least 1938, Cedarhurst was occupied by Mr Bertram Llewellyn Boston, coal merchant. 

Plan showing the layout of the rooms 1894
Plan showing the layout of the rooms, 1894

It seems that Mr Boston had vacated the property by 1939 as, on 29th July 1939, the Birmingham Daily Post carried an announcement regarding the forthcoming move of Fowgay Hall School, Dingle Lane, Solihull, “to a central position.” Although Cedarhurst was not mentioned by name, the proprietor of Fowgay Hall School was Edgbaston-born Harry Bernard (“Mike”) Callaghan (1908-1980), who also founded Cedarhurst School. 

The Callaghan family

Harry Bernard Callaghan was born in Edgbaston, Birmingham on 10th December 1908 and baptised at Edgbaston on 16th January 1909. His parents were Henry James Callaghan, school master, and Beatrice Fanny (née Bolton) who had married at Edgbaston in 1907.

Bernard, as he seems to have been known at the time of the 1911 census, was the eldest of the couple’s four children. His younger brothers were: Eric Kenneth Frank Callaghan (1910-1986); Desmond Patrick Callaghan (born and died 1911) and Hugh Conrad Edwin Callaghan (1912-1975).

Eric was also a schoolteacher, teaching at Rhos School, Colwyn Bay at the time of the 1939 Register.

The Callaghan family had lived at Fowgay Hall since at least 1935, when the engagement of Harry Bernard Callaghan and Muriel Edith Franks was announced. H. B. Callaghan’s father, Henry James Callaghan (1874-1936) died, aged 62, at Hockley Heath Nursing Home in July 1936 but his home address was given as Fowgay Hall. His widow, Beatrice, died just three months later, aged 58, in October 1936. Her address was also listed as Fowgay Hall.

Harry Bernard Callaghan married Muriel Edith Franks of Tunbridge Wells, at St Mark’s Church, Broadwater Down in January 1937 and they went on to have six children – three sons and three daughters. The couple’s future home, it was announced, would be at Fowgay Hall, Solihull.

Fowgay Hall School

It seems that Fowgay Hall School was also founded around the time of the couple’s marriage. It was described in the Birmingham Daily Post of Saturday 16 September 1939 as being “situated in one of the safest spots in Solihull” and having “gas-proof rooms.”

The final Speech Day at Fowgay Hall School was made in March 1940, with the Headmaster stating that the school would be moving to “bigger and more central premises.” This suggests that Cedarhurst School opened to pupils for the first time in September 1940.

By October 1940, Fowgay Hall was occupied by Mr G. E. Wake, who subsequently sold the hall in 1946. The property was demolished in 2006 and replaced by a block of apartments.

Cedarhurst School

In 1943, Cedarhurst School collected 5.5 tons of paper during the Summer Term – the best school effort recorded by the Waste Paper Recovery Association. For the second year running, the school won a shield presented by Solihull Urban District Council for competition among schools in the area.

By 1966, Cedarhurst was one of about eight private schools in Solihull and it had 400 pupils and 25 teachers. The Birmingham Daily Post of 15th July 1966 commented that about one in ten of Solihull’s school-age population of 15,000 children were believed to attend private school, particularly in the pre-preparatory stage.

Cedarhurst, according to a brochure from the 1960s that was kindly donated to the archives at the Core Library, Solihull, took pupils in the Kindergarten from the ages of 4½ to 7 and in the Preparatory School from the ages of 7-14. Pupils were prepared for Grammar School and Common Entrance examinations.

The School House, as the main building was called, had “large and lofty classrooms, including a number of recent extensions, giving the maximum of light and air.” There was also a gymnasium, large dining room and a carpentry workshop, where boys “with natural aptitude” were taught the use of tools and the making of useful and interesting objects.

The reading of books of all kinds was strongly encouraged, and there was a library under the charge of the Senior English Master. A contribution of one shilling per term enabled a pupil to borrow a book at any time.

Outdoor sports facilities included large asphalted playgrounds for boys and girls, a tennis court and a netball court. The school had playing fields in Hillfield Road, Solihull, at which cricket, football and hockey were played, and where the annual sports day was held. Boys played cricket, football and tennis, whilst girls played netball, hockey, tennis and stoolball. Swimming was also encouraged and pupils were conveyed by specially chartered Midland Red omnibuses to the Sparkhill baths.

The curriculum comprised:

  • English (reading, writing, composition, grammar, spelling, literature, recitation)
  • Arithmetic (including mental arithmetic)
  • Elementary Mathematics (algebra and geometry)
  • Scripture
  • History
  • Geography
  • French
  • Latin
  • German
  • Art
  • Nature Study
  • General Knowledge
  • Singing
  • Handwork
  • Needlework
  • Carpentry
  • Elocution
  • Drawing

Music appreciation was open to the Upper School, with the aim of encouraging through recitals of records, the appreciation of good music. 

Fees were payable in advance during the first week of term, with a term’s notice required for the removal of a pupil from the school. Tuition fees in the mid-1960s ranged from 25 guineas per term for the under-5s to 34 guineas per term for the over-12s. There were additional fees for text books, stationery, games, handwork materials, extra tuition, pianoforte, dancing, elocution, swimming and lunches.

The school hours were:

  • Kindergarten – 9am-12pm; 1:45-3:30pm (with a half-holiday on Thursdays)
  • Juniors – 9am-12:30pm; 1:55pm-3:45pm
  • Seniors – 9am-12:30pm; 1:55pm-4:15pm

A House system was in place at the school to encourage “friendly rivalry, keenness and ‘esprit de corps’ “, with House points being awarded for praiseworthy efforts in all school activities, both in and out of the classroom, and off the premises. Boys were in either Nelsons or Wellingtons, whilst girls were in either Tudors or Stuarts.

The school uniform was for boys:

  • school cap
  • school blazer
  • grey flannel shorts
  • school tie
  • school grey overcoat
  • navy blue raincoat
  • school socks
  • grey shirts
  • brown or black walking shoes

For girls, the uniform consisted of:

  • school maroon tunic
  • school blazer
  • school hat or beret
  • white blouse
  • grey or white socks
  • brown shoes
  • school grey overcoat
  • maroon raincoat
  • grey knickers
  • school tie

In the summer, the girls’ uniform also included a white panama hat with a school hatband, and school summer frocks obtainable from Mary Mary’s, The Parade, Solihull.

The school’s final Speech Day was held at Solihull Civic Hall on Thursday 12th July 1973, with prizes being presented by Mr J. Leslie Shepherdson, a friend of the Headmaster and a former Mayor of Solihull. The Birmingham Daily Post of Friday 13th July 1973 included a photograph of the event and noted that the school was closing after 35 years owing to the retirement of its Headmaster and founder, Mr H. B. Callaghan.

In his speech Mr Callaghan asked: “What will Cedarhurst be remembered for? Will it be for the maroon blazers and peaked caps seen by motorists at zebra crossings? I hope it will, but I would like it to be remembered for sincerity, politeness, happiness and above all, integrity.

Closure

The closure of Cedarhurst School, with effect from July 1973, was announced in 1972. As a result, Solihull School announced in May 1972 that it would temporarily reduce its age limit so that it could admit a dozen seven-year-olds from Cedarhurst, who would be accommodated in a special form in a spare classroom. Alderman George Hill, Chairman of Solihull School governors, said: “These chaps at Cedarhurst would have come to us at eight and would spend a year in the wilderness otherwise. We do not have any thought of lowering the age limit generally.”

In June 1973, the Birmingham Evening Mail reported that a planning application had been submitted by Hampton and Sheldon Building Company to build 21 flats in a four-storey block on the school site, 18-20 Park Road.

Harry Bernard Callaghan died on 12th October 1980, aged 71. His home address at the time of his death was Orchard Close, Earlswood Road, Dorridge.

If you have any further information about Cedarhurst or Harry Bernard Callaghan, please let us know.

Tracey
Heritage & Local Studies Librarian

(with many thanks to Duncan, who kindly sent us the Cedarhurst School brochure and other documents in January 2021 to add to our archives at the library).

 

© Solihull Council, 2021.
You are welcome to link to this article, but if you wish to reproduce more than a short extract, please email: heritage@solihull.gov.uk

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